What is Brain Injury?
Learn more about brain injury in children and adolescents.
Types of brain injury
Brain injury that occurs before birth (congenital).
Congenital brain injury is a group of brain defects or disorders that develop in the womb and are present at birth.
Brain injury that occurs after a child is born (acquired).
Acquired brain injuries can be traumatic or non-traumatic. A traumatic brain injury occurs when there is impact to the head or body causing the brain inside the skull to be injured. Including the brain moving back and forth inside the skull and being bumped, bruised or twisted. The injury can be mild, moderate or severe.
Types of brain injury related to timing and causes of injury
When the brain is injured
Changes can occur in how a child or adolescent does everyday things, how they:
Read and write
Behave or control self
Eat, feed self
Interact with others
Make safe decisions